The German company TeKaDe is now quite obscure. Some information can be found on the German wikipedia, but this does not mention semiconductors. The company started life in 1906 as Felten and Guilleaume but in 1912 the name was changed to TeKaDe, for 'Süddeutsche Telefonapparate-, Kabel- und Drahtwerke AG', which means 'South German telephone equipment, cable and wire works'. Somewhat counter to this name, the company specialised in wireless telephone networks. In 1981 it was taken over by Philips.
In the late 1950s and into the 1960s TeKaDe manufactured germanium transistors and diodes, some of which I show below. Information about this is scarce. Some can be found (in German) on the excellent Radiomuseum site. It states that from 1955, TeKaDe was producing high-end germanium diodes and from 1956 AF-transistors. From 1958/59 semiconductor production started at the Schwabenstrasse plant but the company ceased production in 1961/62 for economic reasons. Radiomuseum has data for early TeKaDe types, later ones can be found in the D.A.T.A. book Transistor Characteristics Tabulation 1962 Vol XII available on the Web.
The company logo was usually printed on devices, but sometimes just the letters TKD were used.
I am seeking to buy or trade for germanium transistors and diodes made by TeKaDe, especially the types GST01, GST02, GFT2006, GFT20, GFT31 and GFT32. Details are given below. I also want to buy any original data books or sheets for any of their semiconductor devices.
If you know about them, or have have some devices for sale or trade, please
Ich suche die Germaniumtransistoren und Dioden die von TeKaDe hergestellt werden. Ich möchte auch ursprüngliche Leistungsblätter für sie kaufen. Wenn Sie in diesen Transistoren oder Dioden auskennen oder haben, einiges für Verkauf oder Handel zu haben, in Verbindung.
I guess that the first semiconductors that TeKaDe made were diodes, since most semiconductor manufacturers started that way. Possibly the oldest semiconductor I have from TeKaDe is this unusual black-painted cylinder, printed 7/1E(S). I have no data for this, its rather thick body suggests that it is either a selenium or a copper-oxide rectifier. A rather intriguing document can be found on the Web, called 'The German Metal Rectifier Industry' and written by the 'British Intelligence Objectives Sub-committee' (!). It is undated but the content reveals that it is post-war, but probably only by a few years. It states that TeKaDe produced no selenium rectifiers but did manufacture copper-oxide ones in four sizes, one for Siemens. The only one that could be this device comprised 7mm discs inside a ceramic tube of unspecified thickness.
I think it is quite possible that this device is such a copper-oxide rectifier.
A correspondent has asked me about a similar device, painted black, similar diameter but perhaps 4 cm in length, with end caps and solder tags. It is marked TeKaDe GL 7/4. If you have data for either of these devices, or TKD's early metal rectifiers, please
Many of their oldest germanium diodes are just marked K or G plus a number, such as this G5/61. I think the G stands for 'glas' and the K for 'keramic' or possibly 'kunststoff', denoting the material of which the body is made. The qualified part number is typical of TeKaDe, except for their earliest transistors, and probably indicates a maximum voltage parameter. Many devices also have a single-letter suffix.
They made more modern-looking point-contact diodes in the GSD series: this stands for 'germanium spitzen diode'. The image shows a GSD5/40.
They made a good number of diodes (I list with GSD prefix, prefixes K and G are also possible, and yes, some part numbers have a comma in them):
all of which may have had G and K equivalents.
I am interested in obtaining most of these diodes by TeKaDe. If you know about TeKaDe's earliest semiconductors, or have have some for sale or trade, please
TeKaDe also made two germanium point-contact diodes in the Philips OA series, types OA21 and OA41. My image shows OA21 which is a UHF mixer diode. OA41 was more commonly made by Telefunken.
I am interested in obtaining examples of OA41 by TKD. If you have have some for sale or trade, please
TeKaDe made two point-contact transistors, types GST01 and GST02. These used the typical cartridge case originated by Western Electric.
I am very interested in obtaining these transistors by TeKaDe. If you know about TeKaDe's earliest semiconductors, or have have some for sale or trade, please
TKD junction transistors were all in the GFT series, although some do not include this prefix on the body. GFT stands for Germanium Flächentransistor, that is 'germanium junction transistor'.
The GFT20 was possibly their first junction transistor. The Radiomuseum page shows a GFT20 in an outline like my GFT21 below, but their diagram shows a different 'bell' shape like my one. They state that the device is an AF amplifier, which one would expect for a very early type. Interestingly, they list three possible qualifiers: /6, /15 and /30, but my example does not have any.
Here is a GFT21 transistor. It is painted in the characteristic red, and has the company logo and also the part number printed on it. There is no qualifier to the part number on this example. Radiomuseum lists five possible qualifiers: /15, /15A, /15B, /30 and /30A. It also states that versions were offered for hobbyists/kits with the marking NF21, NF7 or NF8.
I am very interested in obtaining any transistors by TeKaDe in either of these shapes, or any painted red. If you know where any are for sale or trade, please
TeKaDe made an early power transistor, type GFT2006, in an idiosyncratic cylindrical package with a threaded axail bolt and two pins, one on either side.. My image shows examples with no suffix and with the suffix /30. I believe that there exist also suffixes /60 and /90.
I am interested in obtaining examples of this transistor with suffix other than /30. If you know where any are for sale or trade, please
I have obtained this device, marked OC15 without any manufacturer, which is clearly the same case as the GFT2006. The original OC15 was Philips/Mullard's first power transistor, from about 1954/55, in a somewhat larger cylindrical outline, and is very rare. There is a Valvo equivalent type 100OC. I'm a bit sceptical that TKD were experimenting with power transistors at this early time. I'm also puzzled by the code 0948, which cannot be a date of 1948!
If you know anything about this weird OC15, please
Here is a later transistor in a standard TO-9 outline marked 21/30. I assume that this is also a GFT21, but an improved later version, with a suffix indicating probably a voltage rating, as listed on the Radiomuseum entry.
If you have data for TeKaDe's semiconductors, or have have some for sale or trade, please
This is apparently a TeKaDe GFT26/8, with the prefix GFT omitted as is often the case. However there are a couple of unusual aspects: firstly the brass-coloured TO-5 outline is atypical of TeKaDe, and secondly the suffix /8 seems odd because it usually indicates a maximum voltage, and 8 volts is much too low. Furthermore, a Web search for GFT26 brings up a power transistor, which is not this one. So, if you have data for this device, please
Here is a TKD transistor with very poor printing; it is marked GFT44/15B. Radiomuseum states that it is intended as an AM broadcast mixer/oscillator.
And here is a transistor type GFT4012/30 in a tallish TO-3 outline. It is a germanium AF high-power amplifier with maximum values Vce = 30 volts, Ic = 4 amps and Pc = 16 Watts. This shows that TeKaDe were quite advanced in germanium power transistor development.
This is a TKD transistor marked only 7001. It is in fact an OX7001, which is an out-of-spec GFT20 or GFT21 that was sold in bulk to other vendors who marketed hobbyist kits and devices to the amateur market. I am seeking other such TKD types, or information about them (other than the Radiomuseum entries). So, if you have data for the following devices, or know where I can get examples, please
- OX4000 series eg OX4010
- OX6000 series eg OX6003
- OX7000 series eg OX7020
This transistor is marked only HF1. It is another out-of-spec TKD type sold in the hobby/amateur market.
I have a few other low-power TKD transistor types. However I have no definitive data for any of them, just the Radiomuseum information plus some characteristic values in the 'Discontinued Transistor Data Book'. If you can provide data books or sheets for TeKaDe's semiconductors, please contact me!
TeKaDe made other semiconductor diodes which I am seeking:
- C10 varicap diode
- OS32 to OS36 silicon diodes
- G2 and OY1 germanium diodes